深入理解Eureka - Eureka Register机制


Eureka注册流程

客户端启动后的第一件事就是向Eureka Server注册。

客户端注册后,Eureka Server首先将服务注册信息保存起来。(com.netflix.eureka.resources.addInstance)

然后更新阀值expectedNumberOfRenewsPerMin和numberOfRenewsPerMinThreshold。(最新的阀值已经修改为expectedNumberOfClientsSendingRenews和numberOfRenewsPerMinThreshold)

然后再将新增的实例保存到recentlyChangedQueue队列中。(queue的作用在《Eureka Client获取注册信息机制》中研究)

再然后清空Guava缓存。(缓存的作用在《Eureka Server缓存机制》中研究)

最后将注册信息同步到同集群的其他Eureka Server。

Eureka注册源码解析

第一步Eureka Client启动后,调用register()方法进行注册服务:

        if (clientConfig.shouldRegisterWithEureka() && clientConfig.shouldEnforceRegistrationAtInit()) {
            try {
                if (!register() ) {
                    throw new IllegalStateException("Registration error at startup. Invalid server response.");
                }
            } catch (Throwable th) {
                logger.error("Registration error at startup: {}", th.getMessage());
                throw new IllegalStateException(th);
            }
        }

然后Eureka Client发起远程注册调用:

    /**
     * Register with the eureka service by making the appropriate REST call.
     */
    boolean register() throws Throwable {
        logger.info(PREFIX + "{}: registering service...", appPathIdentifier);
        EurekaHttpResponse<Void> httpResponse;
        try {
            httpResponse = eurekaTransport.registrationClient.register(instanceInfo);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.warn(PREFIX + "{} - registration failed {}", appPathIdentifier, e.getMessage(), e);
            throw e;
        }
        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
            logger.info(PREFIX + "{} - registration status: {}", appPathIdentifier, httpResponse.getStatusCode());
        }
        return httpResponse.getStatusCode() == Status.NO_CONTENT.getStatusCode();
    }

接着ApplicationResouce接收注册请求:

    /**
     * Registers information about a particular instance for an
     * {@link com.netflix.discovery.shared.Application}.
     *
     * @param info
     *            {@link InstanceInfo} information of the instance.
     * @param isReplication
     *            a header parameter containing information whether this is
     *            replicated from other nodes.
     */
    @POST
    @Consumes({"application/json", "application/xml"})
    public Response addInstance(InstanceInfo info,
                                @HeaderParam(PeerEurekaNode.HEADER_REPLICATION) String isReplication) {
        logger.debug("Registering instance {} (replication={})", info.getId(), isReplication);
        // validate that the instanceinfo contains all the necessary required fields
        if (isBlank(info.getId())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing instanceId").build();
        } else if (isBlank(info.getHostName())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing hostname").build();
        } else if (isBlank(info.getIPAddr())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing ip address").build();
        } else if (isBlank(info.getAppName())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing appName").build();
        } else if (!appName.equals(info.getAppName())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Mismatched appName, expecting " + appName + " but was " + info.getAppName()).build();
        } else if (info.getDataCenterInfo() == null) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing dataCenterInfo").build();
        } else if (info.getDataCenterInfo().getName() == null) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing dataCenterInfo Name").build();
        }

        // handle cases where clients may be registering with bad DataCenterInfo with missing data
        DataCenterInfo dataCenterInfo = info.getDataCenterInfo();
        if (dataCenterInfo instanceof UniqueIdentifier) {
            String dataCenterInfoId = ((UniqueIdentifier) dataCenterInfo).getId();
            if (isBlank(dataCenterInfoId)) {
                boolean experimental = "true".equalsIgnoreCase(serverConfig.getExperimental("registration.validation.dataCenterInfoId"));
                if (experimental) {
                    String entity = "DataCenterInfo of type " + dataCenterInfo.getClass() + " must contain a valid id";
                    return Response.status(400).entity(entity).build();
                } else if (dataCenterInfo instanceof AmazonInfo) {
                    AmazonInfo amazonInfo = (AmazonInfo) dataCenterInfo;
                    String effectiveId = amazonInfo.get(AmazonInfo.MetaDataKey.instanceId);
                    if (effectiveId == null) {
                        amazonInfo.getMetadata().put(AmazonInfo.MetaDataKey.instanceId.getName(), info.getId());
                    }
                } else {
                    logger.warn("Registering DataCenterInfo of type {} without an appropriate id", dataCenterInfo.getClass());
                }
            }
        }

ApplicationResource接收到注册请求后,调用InstanceRegistry的实现类PeerAwareInstanceRegistry的register()方法进行注册:

    /**
     * Registers the information about the {@link InstanceInfo} and replicates
     * this information to all peer eureka nodes. If this is replication event
     * from other replica nodes then it is not replicated.
     *
     * @param info
     *            the {@link InstanceInfo} to be registered and replicated.
     * @param isReplication
     *            true if this is a replication event from other replica nodes,
     *            false otherwise.
     */
    @Override
    public void register(final InstanceInfo info, final boolean isReplication) {
        int leaseDuration = Lease.DEFAULT_DURATION_IN_SECS;
        if (info.getLeaseInfo() != null && info.getLeaseInfo().getDurationInSecs() > 0) {
            leaseDuration = info.getLeaseInfo().getDurationInSecs();
        }
        super.register(info, leaseDuration, isReplication);
        replicateToPeers(Action.Register, info.getAppName(), info.getId(), info, null, isReplication);
    }

首先调用父类抽象类AbstractInstanceRegistry的register进行真正的注册操作:

    /**
     * Registers a new instance with a given duration.
     *
     * @see com.netflix.eureka.lease.LeaseManager#register(java.lang.Object, int, boolean)
     */
    public void register(InstanceInfo registrant, int leaseDuration, boolean isReplication) {
        try {
            read.lock();
            Map<String, Lease<InstanceInfo>> gMap = registry.get(registrant.getAppName());
            REGISTER.increment(isReplication);
            if (gMap == null) {
                final ConcurrentHashMap<String, Lease<InstanceInfo>> gNewMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, Lease<InstanceInfo>>();
                gMap = registry.putIfAbsent(registrant.getAppName(), gNewMap);
                if (gMap == null) {
                    gMap = gNewMap;
                }
            }
            Lease<InstanceInfo> existingLease = gMap.get(registrant.getId());
            // Retain the last dirty timestamp without overwriting it, if there is already a lease
            if (existingLease != null && (existingLease.getHolder() != null)) {
                Long existingLastDirtyTimestamp = existingLease.getHolder().getLastDirtyTimestamp();
                Long registrationLastDirtyTimestamp = registrant.getLastDirtyTimestamp();
                logger.debug("Existing lease found (existing={}, provided={}", existingLastDirtyTimestamp, registrationLastDirtyTimestamp);

                // this is a > instead of a >= because if the timestamps are equal, we still take the remote transmitted
                // InstanceInfo instead of the server local copy.
                if (existingLastDirtyTimestamp > registrationLastDirtyTimestamp) {
                    logger.warn("There is an existing lease and the existing lease's dirty timestamp {} is greater" +
                            " than the one that is being registered {}", existingLastDirtyTimestamp, registrationLastDirtyTimestamp);
                    logger.warn("Using the existing instanceInfo instead of the new instanceInfo as the registrant");
                    registrant = existingLease.getHolder();
                }
            } else {
                // The lease does not exist and hence it is a new registration
                synchronized (lock) {
                    if (this.expectedNumberOfClientsSendingRenews > 0) {
                        // Since the client wants to register it, increase the number of clients sending renews
                        this.expectedNumberOfClientsSendingRenews = this.expectedNumberOfClientsSendingRenews + 1;
                        updateRenewsPerMinThreshold();
                    }
                }
                logger.debug("No previous lease information found; it is new registration");
            }
            Lease<InstanceInfo> lease = new Lease<InstanceInfo>(registrant, leaseDuration);
            if (existingLease != null) {
                lease.setServiceUpTimestamp(existingLease.getServiceUpTimestamp());
            }
            gMap.put(registrant.getId(), lease);
            synchronized (recentRegisteredQueue) {
                recentRegisteredQueue.add(new Pair<Long, String>(
                        System.currentTimeMillis(),
                        registrant.getAppName() + "(" + registrant.getId() + ")"));
            }
            // This is where the initial state transfer of overridden status happens
            if (!InstanceStatus.UNKNOWN.equals(registrant.getOverriddenStatus())) {
                logger.debug("Found overridden status {} for instance {}. Checking to see if needs to be add to the "
                                + "overrides", registrant.getOverriddenStatus(), registrant.getId());
                if (!overriddenInstanceStatusMap.containsKey(registrant.getId())) {
                    logger.info("Not found overridden id {} and hence adding it", registrant.getId());
                    overriddenInstanceStatusMap.put(registrant.getId(), registrant.getOverriddenStatus());
                }
            }
            InstanceStatus overriddenStatusFromMap = overriddenInstanceStatusMap.get(registrant.getId());
            if (overriddenStatusFromMap != null) {
                logger.info("Storing overridden status {} from map", overriddenStatusFromMap);
                registrant.setOverriddenStatus(overriddenStatusFromMap);
            }

            // Set the status based on the overridden status rules
            InstanceStatus overriddenInstanceStatus = getOverriddenInstanceStatus(registrant, existingLease, isReplication);
            registrant.setStatusWithoutDirty(overriddenInstanceStatus);

            // If the lease is registered with UP status, set lease service up timestamp
            if (InstanceStatus.UP.equals(registrant.getStatus())) {
                lease.serviceUp();
            }
            registrant.setActionType(ActionType.ADDED);
            recentlyChangedQueue.add(new RecentlyChangedItem(lease));
            registrant.setLastUpdatedTimestamp();
            invalidateCache(registrant.getAppName(), registrant.getVIPAddress(), registrant.getSecureVipAddress());
            logger.info("Registered instance {}/{} with status {} (replication={})",
                    registrant.getAppName(), registrant.getId(), registrant.getStatus(), isReplication);
        } finally {
            read.unlock();
        }
    }

这一步做了很多事情,包括存储注册信息、重新计算阀值、保存变化队列、清空guava缓存。

register完成后,会将注册信息同步到其他Eureka Server节点:

    /**
     * Replicates all eureka actions to peer eureka nodes except for replication
     * traffic to this node.
     *
     */
    private void replicateToPeers(Action action, String appName, String id,
                                  InstanceInfo info /* optional */,
                                  InstanceStatus newStatus /* optional */, boolean isReplication) {
        Stopwatch tracer = action.getTimer().start();
        try {
            if (isReplication) {
                numberOfReplicationsLastMin.increment();
            }
            // If it is a replication already, do not replicate again as this will create a poison replication
            if (peerEurekaNodes == Collections.EMPTY_LIST || isReplication) {
                return;
            }

            for (final PeerEurekaNode node : peerEurekaNodes.getPeerEurekaNodes()) {
                // If the url represents this host, do not replicate to yourself.
                if (peerEurekaNodes.isThisMyUrl(node.getServiceUrl())) {
                    continue;
                }
                replicateInstanceActionsToPeers(action, appName, id, info, newStatus, node);
            }
        } finally {
            tracer.stop();
        }
    }

同步完之后,整个服务注册过程就全部执行完了。

 

Spring Cloud实战项目Jbone地址

github地址:https://github.com/417511458/jbone

码云地址:https://gitee.com/majunwei2017/jbone

马军伟
关于作者 马军伟
写的不错,支持一下

先给自己定个小目标,日更一新。